Michael Fried is James R. Herbert Boone Professor of Humanities at The Johns Hopkins University. One of the most distinguished art historians of the 20th century, Dr. Fried is the author of books about 18th and 19th Century painting and literature, a very influential collection of art criticism, and several volumes of poetry. In the spring of 2002 he gave the A. W. Mellon Lectures in the Fine Arts at the National Gallery of Art. His publications on art include Absorption and Theatricality: Painting and Beholder in the Age of Diderot; Art and Objecthood; Manet's Modernism; Realism, Writing, Disfiguration: On Thomas Eakins and Stephen Crane; and Courbet's Realism. His volumes of poetry include To The Centre of the Earth, Powers, and The Next Bend in the Road (University of Chicago Press, 2004).