In addition to their duties of promoting stability and increasing the safety net for low-income families, policymakers are challenged to describe the nature of "self-sufficiency." In this Chapin Hall Child and Family Policy Forum, the moderator and panelists discussed the nature of self-sufficiency and the ways different systems view economic instability. They also discussed the present challenges and opportunities for researchers, policymakers, and practitioners who work to understand the ways that federal policies can affect income instability, and the relationship between employment supports and poverty. Panelists included Ajay Chaudry, deputy assistant secretary for human services policy in the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Policy and Evaluation, US Department of Health and Human Services; Robert Goerge, senior research fellow, Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago; and Heather Hill, assistant professor, the University of Chicago School of Social Service Administration. The forum was moderated by Bryan Samuels, executive director of Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago.