China’s rise sets up fundamental changes in the international system. These changes usher in a host of questions. For example, are the United States and China heading to a “new Cold War”? Will crises in Asia—however started—escalate to major power confrontation? Is China a fragile superpower? Robert Pape’s talk presents powerful structural reasons why the sources for conflict will not lead to a “hot” war and instead point in the direction of a fundamentally more cooperative relationship between the United States and China.