GM, Argonne sign licensing deal for advanced battery chemistry

General Motors Co. and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory announced today they have reached a worldwide licensing agreement to use Argonne’s patented composite cathode material to make advanced lithium–ion batteries that last longer between charges and can charge at higher voltages.

“The creation of this battery technology represents an important return on the American investment in innovative vehicle and battery research,” said Energy Secretary Steven Chu. “This agreement gives General Motors the ability to use cutting–edge battery technology throughout its supply chain. The licensing of this technology will also spur the renewal of the American battery industry, creating hundreds of new jobs where they are needed most.”

The agreement with Argonne builds on GM’s commitment to lead the development of vehicle electrification technologies designed to meet the diverse needs of customers around the world, said Micky Bly, GM executive director – Electric Systems, Hybrids, Electric Vehicles and Batteries.

“Engineers and researchers at General Motors are working on next–generation battery systems that will reduce cost while providing improved performance, expanding the practicality and affordability of electric vehicles in the future,” Bly said.

“The goal of Argonne’s battery research is to support the U.S. automobile industry,” said Jeff Chamberlain, who heads Argonne’s Energy Storage Initiative. “The transfer of this technology is a powerful example of how basic research and technology development performed at a DOE national laboratory can produce technology that is useful to U.S. citizens.

“The added benefits of this endeavor are the potential creation of U.S.–based green jobs, lessening U.S. dependence on foreign sources of oil and a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.”

The cathode material licensed to GM is part of a large, diverse suite of lithium–ion battery inventions and patents developed at Argonne with DOE funding. The agency also provided funding for early science research that helped develop this technology. Use of the cathode material will yield advanced batteries that are high–performing, long–lasting and safe when compared to the existing technology that has dominated the market for nearly two decades.

Compared with currently available materials, Argonne’s composite cathode material has a unique combination of lithium– and manganese–rich, mixed–metal oxides in a stable materials–design approach that will:

  • Extend the operating time between charges and increase the calendar life of batteries
  • Improve the inherent safety of lithium–ion cells
  • Allow charging at higher voltages, which leads to a substantially higher energy storage capacity

“The fact that GM is including Argonne’s novel composite cathode material in their commercialization process is a testament to the world–class scientists performing research in this area at Argonne and the long–term vision and commitment by DOE,” said Eric Isaacs, Argonne director and president of the UChicago Argonne, LLC, a wholly owned laboratory management subsidiary of the University of Chicago.

Argonne also announced today that it has licensed its cathode technology to LG Chem for use in battery cells used in the Chevrolet Volt electric car with extended–range capability.

“The scientists and engineers in Argonne’s battery department look forward to continuing this important work for next–generation electric vehicles, as well as for new energy storage technologies for the power grid,” Isaacs said.

“Talented scientists at Argonne have long been a source for industry–leading innovations in the area of automotive research,” said Rep. Judy Biggert, (R–Ill.), a senior member of the House Science, Space and Technology Committee and lon–time champion of federal research efforts. ”With support for basic science research from the DOE’s Office of Science and Congress, the work going on right here in our community promises to transform our transportation industry and keep the U.S. economically competitive for years to come. This agreement will help speed those innovations out of the laboratory and into the marketplace, where they can create jobs, benefit consumers and help reduce our dependence on foreign energy.”

Argonne National Laboratory seeks solutions to pressing national problems in science and technology. The nation’s first national laboratory, Argonne conducts leading–edge basic and applied scientific research in virtually every scientific discipline. Argonne researchers work closely with researchers from hundreds of companies, universities, and federal, state and municipal agencies to help them solve their specific problems, advance America’s scientific leadership and prepare the nation for a better future. With employees from more than 60 nations, Argonne is managed by UChicago Argonne, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy‘s Office of Science.

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Photos

Chevy Volt
Chevy Volt
Argonne battery
Argonne battery
Chevy Volt battery
Lithium-ion illustration

The 2011 Chevrolet Volt features a battery based on a cathode technology developed at Argonne National Laboratory. It will make the battery safer, longer-lived and more powerful.

Illustration by General Motors (GM)

The Volt's 16 kWh battery can be recharged using a 120V or 240V outlet, found in the home or in this charging station.

Courtesy of General Motors (GM)

Argonne National Laboratory’s energy storage researchers investigate all stages of a battery: from the basic chemistry at its molecular interfaces, to engineering better cathodes and anodes, to testing completed batteries for performance and durability.

Photo by Argonne National Laboratory

The newest generation of lithium-ion battery (foreground) has an energy density three times that of the batteries in today’s electric cars.

Illustration by Argonne National Laboratory

A T-shaped Chevrolet Volt battery replica is shown near a Chevy Volt electric vehicle.

Photo by Chevrolet, John F. Martin

This illustration shows the inner workings of a lithium-ion battery. When delivering energy to a device, the lithium ion moves from the anode to the cathode. The ion moves in reverse when recharging. Compared to other rechargeable batteries, lithium-ion batteries can store more energy in smaller, lighter packages.

Illustration by Argonne National Laboratory

Media Contact

Angela Hardin
Media Relations Specialist
Public Relations and Communications, Argonne National Laboratory
ahardin@anl.gov
(630) 252-5501

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